Water Falls Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka, the teardrop-shaped country, is quite well-known for its gorgeous waterfalls. Many of these hundreds of waterfalls in Sri Lanka are inaccessible and that perhaps makes them all the more magical. The ones accessible are no less stunning either – strong gushes of water falling with full force from an altitude that gives you goose bumps. To top it, they are surrounded by lush green forests and rocky terrains. If that sounds like a landscape you often imagine yourself in, it’s time to realize your dreams.
So whether you have a love for scenic beauty or looking for a daring excursion, don’t forget to plan a visit to these gorgeous waterfalls in Sri Lanka that will surely make you fall in love with their majestic beauty!
BABARAKANDA WATER FALL
Bambarakanda Falls is the tallest waterfall in Sri Lanka rising 240 m above the ground. It is surrounded by lush pine forests through which hikers travel to the peak of the fall. The summit of Bambarakanda Falls offers breathtaking views while the hike up the waterfall is a memorable experience for any nature enthusiast.
It is within situated within Kalupahana in the Badulla District of Sri Lanka. This breathtaking fall is formed by a tributary of the walawe River, known as Kuda Oya. There is a viewing platform at a distance from where you can watch the powerful sight of Bambarakanda Fall pouring down. This platform can be reached through a small hike through an exciting trail. There are a few other small waterfalls located near it, including Lanka Ella Falls.
The months of “March to May” is the best time to visit Bambarakanda Falls. This is the time when this region receives moderate rainfall. Rain makes the waterfall swell and you can witness it in its full glory. But heavy rains would hamper your experience so visiting during this time gives a perfect chance to enjoy the misty sight of the fall.
ABERDEEN WATER FALL
The 98 m tall waterfalls of Aberdeen in Nuwara Eliya District are fomed by the Kehelgamuwa, a tributary of Kelani Ganga. Aberdeen Falls, definitely among the most picturesque waterfalls of the island, are named after the nearby tea plantation, Aberdeen. Many tea plantations in Sri Lanka bear British names, Scottish toponyms in particular.
An 8 km long hiking route from Ginigathena, which lies at the junction where the roads from Kandy (B31) and Kitulgala and Hatton meet (A7), leads to opposite the right bank of the HNB. The hiking trail has some nice views to the Kelani river valley and to Aberdeen Falls from a distance. The trail starts in the southern outskirts of Ginagathena and runs 6 km along the Ella Uda road, which can be used by small vehicles. The last 1 km winding down to the pool of Aberdeen Falls are a jungle path.
LAXAPANA WATER FALL
Laxapana Falls are situated in Maskeliya town in Nuwara Eliya. Standing at a massive height of 126 meters, it is the 8th highest waterfall in Sri Lanka and the 625th highest waterfall in the world. According to folk tales this is the place where Lord Buddha mended his saffron robe when visiting Sri Pada. The name of the falls is derived from the words “Laxa” which means hundred thousand and “Pahana” which means rock. It is a reference to how that may lamps could be lighted from the power generated using the water from this waterfall.
Laxapana waterfall is situated on the Maskeliya-Norton Bridge Road in a village named Kiriwan Eliya. It gives its name to two hydroelectric power stations namely Old Laxapana Power Station and New Laxapana Power Station. The Laxapana Waterfall is formed by the Maskeliya Oya which is a tributary to the Kelani River. It is quite a difficult waterfall to hike and caution should be taken when taking a dip in the natural pools in the area due to the flow of the water.
Direction:- From Kandy take the Ambagamuwa Road and go past Peradeniya, Nawalapitiya and Ginigathena up until Laxapana. From there go to Kiriwan Eliya village and go along the Norton – Maskeliya Road to find the Laxapana Falls.
DIYALUMA WATER FALL
Diyaluma falls are located in Sri Lanka’s Badulla district on the Colombo – Badulla highway, about 6 km east of the regional town of Koslanda, and around 30 km south of Ella. Diyaluma falls were originally formed by Kirindi Oya, a river that starts near Bandarawela and flows through central Sri Lanka. At 220m tall, Diyaluma Falls in Sri Lanka, is the second tallest waterfall in the country and a stunning spectacle of nature.
The enormous rocky facade is peppered with lush, green vegetation, thriving in the mist of the falls. Up top, the ceaseless flow of water has carved intricate channels and pools into the rock, weaving through the verdant mountain terrain. Once you reach the first part of the waterfall, you will face a series of natural pools where you can take a swim, and even jump from one pool into a lower leveled pool.
Walk further down and you will face a 220 meter drop with again, natural pools, even on the edge! It is possible to dip in the one near the edge but be extra careful. It’s better to just take a look over the edge of one of the highest waterfalls in Sri Lanka and see the bridge where you started.
DUNHINDA WATER FALL
Dunhinda falls, certainly one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Sri Lanka. 25-30 km away from Ella, but definitely worth going as it is one of the high ranked tourist attraction in Sri Lanka. It got the name by the meaning of “Dun” in sinhala is smoke and the mist created by this falls is like a smoke.
Waterfall is located about 5 kilometres to the north from Badulla City Center and the water resembles a thin cloud as it cascades 63m downwards into a large pool. From the entrance gate, you have to walk about 1.5km to reach to the waterfall. Walk itself is a fascinating experience to see wild birds, butterflies, monkeys, deers etc as it worth very much for the tourists interested in wild life. The best time to see them is June and July, but you are welcome to visit at any time. It gets more fascinating on the months from November to March as it carries a huge volume of water in this rainy season of Sri Lanka.
This fall is steeped in history. The area was once inhabited by indigenous people – the Veddha tribe. During the time of King Rajasinhe, a giant fern got stuck at the top of the fall, between two mountains. This acted as a dam, which resulted in the flooding of Badulla town. Seeing the gravity of the situation, the king entrusted the task of clearing the sluice to a person named ‘Ranhavadidaraya’. After toiling for three months he managed to clear the water and the town re-emerged. The fern was swept away but got stuck again at a place now known as Pussellawa (‘pus’ meaning fern).
On the way to the waterfall you can see another small waterfall named Kuda Dunhinda at a glance. Thus you can taste and refresh yourself by having a native herbal drink by the benders on sides of the way to the water fall. At the end of this journey you can meet a secured stage constructed for the viewers and enjoy the water fall. If you are very much confident, you can reach the foot of the water fall and cross the river. While enjoying the fall it’s better to remind that do not go closer to the fall or bathe as it is deep and full of slippery rocks and stones near the bottom of the water fall.
DEVON WATER FALL
A walk through a plantation will get you closer to Devon Falls. The waterfall was named after the a British coffee planter, Mr. Devon, whose plantations are nearby the fall. The Devon Waterfalls is one of the most beautiful cascades of Sri Lanka, located at close to Talawakelle town.
You can get a view of the waterfall while staying on the main road of Talawakelle to Hatton. But a closer view will be quite worth the visit. For that, you would have to stop at the 20th-mile post and walk about 1 km through the lush greenly tea plantations to reach the waterfall
Head to the viewpoint located in front of the Mlesna Tea Castle, and take a break for a nice cup of tea while you admire views of the falls. Enjoy the intact natural scenery, then get close to the waterfall for some incredible photos. If you could reach the top of the cascade, the view to the bottom of the fall will be stunning. Do not try to swim or bathe near the fall as it might be dangerous.
No trip to Sri Lanka will be successful and completed without a journey to the hill country of Nuwara Eliya. Nuwara Eliya is considered as a major tourist attraction yet it has a cluster of sites to be explored. Among them, waterfalls are significant… Close to Devon falls, you will find St’ Clair Water Fall..!
ST’ CLAIR WATER FALL
waterfalls of St.Clair cascades over three rock outcrops into a massive pool. The beautiful and most popular fall, located among tea gardens, carries a large volume of water, and is the widest waterfall in the country. The fall is situated over 500 m. away from the road, and one needs to walk down among the tea bushes at a steep gradient in order to reach it.
Located on the Kotmale Oya, this fall will be affected by the proposed Upper Kotmale Hydro Power Project, but for the benefit of the public a limited quantity of water will be released to prevent complete disappearance of the fall. Downstream to the main fall is a second waterfall of 50 m in height called Kuda Ella, which is best visible at the curve near 90 km post. At this point, though far, complete fall of St. Clair is visible including the last section that was partly hidden.
RAWANA WATER FALL
The Ravana Falls is one of the most popular sightseeing spots in Sri Lanka. This popular falls has its roots connected to the famous Indian epic, the Ramayana. The Ravana Ella (Ravana Falls) has been named after the brawny daemon, Ravana. According to the epic, it is said that after kidnapping Sita, Ravana, the king of Sri Lanka had hidden her at the caves behind this waterfall. The cave came to be known as Ravana Ella cave. The place was at that time thick afforested region in the midst of wilderness. It is believed that Rama’s queen wandered around this place while she was confined. She also bathed in a pool that accumulated the water falling from these Ravana Falls.
The famous Ravana Ella lies 4500 feet above sea level on the foundation of a cliff in Uva. The grandeur of the Ravana fall is its wild look amidst wilderness. This place is one of the most sought after tourist attractions of Sri Lanka and is located 7 miles away from Bandarawela. The stunning Ravana Ella falls is situated a little more distance away from here and is known to be one of the widest falls of Sri Lanka. The water falling from the Ravana Ella, finds it course down in three stages for 9 meters and then bends itself in a stream. It is believed to originate from the dense Wewatenna highland.
The Bopath Falls cascades in the shape of a boo (Ficus religiosa) tree (hence its name) and is the most comprehensively studied fall in Sri Lanka. Its source is the Kurugana River that later joins the Kaluganga River at Kurugaomaodara.
The average temperature of the area is 26.9 – 27.8 degrees Celsius and the annual rainfall of the fall’s catchment area is 5080 mm. The mean speed of the flow is 6 cubic meters per second. The upper reach of the fall is made up of granite and biotite virin, and is covered by sand. The water from the fall irrigates the paddy fields of the Udakada and Kuruwita areas.
The surrounding plant and tree life includes attikka (Ficus racimosa), kumbuk (Terminalia arjuna), midella, dun (Doona spp), para (Wormia suffruticosa), ginihota (Cythia spp), rathmadiya, ketala (Lagenendra oveta), Beduru (Dryneria spp), orchids, varieties of meewana (Madhca) badal, hanassa, makulu and beduru. Animal species include wild boar. In addition to its rich bio-diversity, the fall is also steeped in folklore.
BAKER’S WATER FALL
The 22m Baker’s Falls (sinhalese original name Gonagala Ella) is noted for the tremendous noise created by water pounding the large rock formation at its foot. Forming part of the Belihul Oya, it is surrounded by copious giant ferns. Baker’s Falls derives its name from Sir Samuel Baker, a British man who discovered it in 1845. However, Baker is also credited with the short-sighted achievement of having shot 50 elephant, five deer and two buffaloes nearby.
Despite the presence of warning signs (that are often removed by confident bathers), the fall, and more specifically the 12m death trap of a plunge pool, has claimed numerous lives.
Situated on the Horton Plains (Nuwara Eliya District), Baker’s Falls is accessible from Pattipola or Ohiya town. From Pattipola take the well-signed footpath and either follow it to World’s End and loop back to Baker’s Falls or take the right fork at the beginning of the path straight there. Immediately before the fall, there is a steep, root-strewn bank, which can be difficult to negotiate, especially in wet weather.
DUVILI WATERFALL IN KNUCKLES
Duvili Fall hike and cave camping is every camper’s dream hike in Sri Lanka. Hiking through the trails in Knuckles rain forest, crossing the beautiful creeks and streams takes you to a different world that you feel like don’t want to leave.
There are two main trails to for Duvili Ella hike. One Start From a Village Called Atanwala and other start from a village called Rabukoluwa. Atanwala is close to famous Natural habitat Pitawala Pathana. Rabukoluwa is close to Pallegema town. Both trails meets each other in the middle of the jungle and becomes one trail.
The journey itself is a amazing experience. You have to cross many beautiful creeks and Streams along the way. And there several of other little but beautiful waterfalls you would meet on the sides of the trail. Dumbara Ella is the biggest and most beautiful waterfall among those. It has some unique beauty you can’t find in anywhere else in Sri Lanka. One could keep looking at the flow less curtain of Dumbara Ella forever I guess. If you are going on a two night trip this would be the best stop for your first night.
There are a few places and a little cave you could camp near the waterfall. But the best place is on the top of the flat rock surface about 50 m away right in from of the waterfall. It is safe(about 2.5 m high from the water level) and gives you the best view of the waterfall right from the tent. You could easily find wood for a camp fire and cooking from around. Water from the fall is totally good for drinking. I bet it is more cleaner than bottled water.
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